About Corbett National Park
Introduction- Jim Corbett National Park
Corbett National Park is an early forest because Rudyard Kipling has kept it. Despite extensive tourism, Park maintains its environment. Humans must be scared of their strong sense of insignificance. More photos.
In 1936, India's first National Park was probably established in the best form, for the first time the Corbett National Park was limited in consultation with the great hunter and patron Jim Corbett. And this park is spread over 920.9 square kilometres at the height of 600 to 1100 meters in the foothills of the western Himalayas, in the districts of Nainital and Pauri Garhwal in Uttaranchal (the eastern parts of Uttar Pradesh). In its 64 years of informal life, its size has increased a lot and now it includes the Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary as part of the 1319 km² reserve forest area.
History of Corbett National Park
The jurisdiction of Jim Corbett National Park was a private property of local rulers before the British rule for 1815-20 years. Though the ownership was passed in British hands, the government not reduced attention to the maintenance of the park. The only purpose was to exploit natural resources and get the benefit from the forest as much as possible.
Major Ramsay created the first comprehensive conservation plan to protect the forest in 1858. He ensured that his orders would be followed strictly and gradually the situation of the forest improved significantly till 1896. This plan of Ramsay showed a deeper thought which he gave to the science of forestry. And in 1861-62 farming was banned in the Lowland Patlidun valley. The cattle shed was also pulled down, the domestic animals were dependent on the forest and a regular cadre of the workers was made to fight the forest fire. Licenses were issued for timber and trees. In 1868 forest department took responsibility for forest and in 1879 forest was declared forest reserve under the Forest Act.
In a letter dated 3 January 1907, Sir Michael keen presented the possibility of converting these forests into a game sanctuary for the first time, although the proposal was closed. Several years later in 1934, Governor Sir Malcolm Halley supported the proposal of the game sanctuary and wanted to make a law to give it a law.
The law that was implemented to overcome the delay was made in the forest reserved by the Chief Conservator of the forest. Later the boundary of the park was fixed with the advice of Major Jim Corbett and in 1936 the United Provinces National Park Act was implemented. This reserve forest became India's first national park and then after its founder Sir, Malcolm Hailey, it was appropriately named Halley National Park
Who is Colonel Jim Corbett?
Colonel Jim Corbett was born in 1875 in Nainital, which was the eighth child of Christopher and Mary Jane Corbett. His father was a postmaster at Nainital. He matriculated at Philanders Smith College, Nainital, where his master praised him for his humility and retired nature. And he did not follow his academics further.
He spent his summer in Gurni House in Nainital, while in winter; he went to Kaladhungi in tarai forests. His bungalow in Kaladhungi was inside a dense forest which had a large population of animals with plants. In those days, at Nainital, Jim saw tigers and leopards within two and a half kilometres radius of Goddess Naini temple. As a result of living in such exotic and beautiful surroundings, he made a beautiful natural connection with nature.
At the sensitive age of ten years, he became a hunter, he first shot his leopard and faced animals in the forest and trained his gun on any wild animal. When he turned 80 years old, he joined the railway station at Mokama Ghat in Bihar, who worked as a fuel inspector and assistant station master. Then he became a labour contractor.
When the World War I broke in 1914, he took a batch of five hundred Kumaon labourers to France. He was good at recruiting and organizing labour and was able to make them work for him willingly. He also helped the British government by training allied soldiers in jungle warfare, he then hold the rank of lieutenant colonel. In 1920 after his health broke down he resigned from the job and returned to Nainital and for the next twenty-four years he served as an elected member of the Nainital municipal Board.
When World War I broke out in 1914, he took a batch of five hundred Kumaon workers in France, who were fully prepared to recruit and organize and work for them. He assisted the British government by training soldiers in the jungle war, and then he was honoured with the post of Lieutenant Colonel. After the disruption of his health in 1920, he resigned from the job and returned to Nainital. And for the next twenty-four years, he worked as an elected member of the Municipality Board in Nainital.
A turning point in Jim's life came from a hunter-gatherer in northern India; he came to the lake with thousands of waterfalls. Within a few minutes, they counted three hundred waterfalls. Jim could not understand this indictment. From that day they developed a deviation for this type of prey. And when his friends were happy, Jim promised to kill the animal without any reason. After the killing of man-eater in the middle of the third decade, who went to kuara in Pawalgadh he left the victim in the form of a game. After this, he only shot those tigers that changed man-eaters or cattle lift. Jim understood his duty to kill dangerous animals in his last days.
After World War II, he settled in Kenya with her sister Maggie. At eighty years of age, after his death, a legacy left behind. Which has now turned into Kumaon and Garhwal valleys?
After serving the wildlife conservation in all its years of life, the gym in Kumaon and Gravel later became vigilant with the wildlife conservation of the savoir of peace and peace in the human devotees. And in 1956 the Indian government changed the name of the park - Corbett National Park in honour of Jim Corbett the powerful missionary for wildlife preservation in India.
Corbett is a sacrifice for tourists and wildlife lovers. There is permission to see the magnificent view for tourism in the selected areas of the Corbett Tiger Reserve and to see the different animals. In recent years, the number of people coming here has increased significantly. At present, more than 70,000 tourists from every season come to the park from India and abroad.
FACTS & FIGURES of Corbett National Park
- Area: 600 sq. Km (322 km Main area)
- Height: 400 - 1200 meters above sea level
- Languages: English, Hindi
- Best time to travel: February to May
- STD Code 05945 (Ramnagar)
- Annual rainfall: 1400-2800 mm.
- Temperature range: 4 ° C during the winter up to 42 ° C during the summer